Web design and web development are two terms that are closely related. After all, both are used when it comes to website building and maintenance. But, is web design the same as web development? If not, what is the difference between the two?
If you have questions regarding web design and web development, you are in the right place. Read on as this article will break down the differences between web design vs web development.
What is Web Design?
Web design entails the look or aesthetics of a website. It is all about creating a flat canvas with no functionality. This canvas will give the web developer a clear roadmap on how the web development should be implemented. A web designer uses visual tools such as Photoshop to create a prototype of how the final website should look. The model can be of the homepage and sometimes the internal pages of the website as well.
While web design is needed by web developers in the later stages of website building, it is also needed by website owners and other interested parties. As the owner, you will be able to visualize the presumed appearance of your website before the building process even begins. This stage provides a perfect opportunity to propose the necessary changes that the website should have, ensuring the final product is exactly what you’re expecting.
Web design is a general term that encompasses other key aspects of the design process. These aspects include:
- User experience design (UX): This aspect of web design entails designing a website so that it is more relevant and attractive to the target users. If visitors enjoy being on your website, they are likely to turn into future customers.
- User interface design (UI): This aspect of web design takes care of how visitors navigate on the website. The design ensures that users are able to navigate on the site with total ease.
What is Web Development?
Web development is all about implementing the functionality of the website. A web developer gives the web design prototype full life as it should. While a web designer is more interested in the looks or aesthetics of a website, a web developer ensures that everything that has been designed works as expected.
For instance, a web developer ensures that the call-to-action buttons and the contact forms respond accordingly when clicked and filled respectively. Web developers know how to use all the components of a website, such as the Content Management System. They also know how to build a website from scratch using templates or even programming languages such as PHP, HTML, and CSS, among many others.
Web development is further divided into two categories. These are front-end web development and backend web development.
Backend web development addresses technical issues of the website, such as database and interaction.
However, there is a third type of web developer known as a full stack developer. This developer deals with both front-end and backend.
What is More Important – Web Design vs. Web Development
Both web design and web development play a critical role in building a website. As you have seen from the above definitions, the two are entirely different job descriptions. A web designer takes care of all the aesthetics of a website. On the other hand, a developer ensures that the site meets its functional needs.
However, neither is more important than the other. You will need both web development and web design to have a visually impressive and functional website.
How is Web Design Similar to Web Development?
Despite the glaring differences between web design and web development, some aspects seem to unite the two. One of the similarities is the two both require some level of programming. Since both web design and web development will be implemented on a website, both tend to involve some level of programming. However, web design may not involve writing a single line of code.
Do Web Design and Web Development Attract the Same Rates?
Whether you are planning t hire a web designer or web developer, one of the things that you should focus on is their rates. Which of the two is more expensive? According to the latest statics from PayScale, the median salary of a web designer in the US is $40,000, while that of a web developer is $56,000. From those figures, it is clear that web developers tend to earn more than web designers. So, it will most likely cost you more to have your site developed than designed.
When Should I Hire a Web Designer vs. Web Developer?
From the definitions, it is now clear who a web designer is and who a web developer is. But, do you know the specific roles that should be performed by either a designer or a developer? To shed some light on this, here are some of the most common roles that are performed by each of the two professionals:
1. Roles of a web designer
Some of the functions of a web designer include:
- Designing the user interface for the website
- Adding new graphics to the website
- Choosing fonts for the new website
- Deciding the color palette for the website
- Changing the looks and appearance of the homepage.
- Creating a wireframe for the website
- Website branding
2. Roles of a web developer
Here are the most common roles of a web developer:
- Migrating from one CMS to another
- Deciding the content management system to use
- Fixing broken links
- Ensuring that all the buttons function as required
- Train users how to use CMS
- Dealing with all the server-side issues.
These are just a handful of the many tasks that are performed by either a web designer or a web developer. If you hire the right person, you can be confident in the quality of the work that will be performed.
Personality Differences: Web Designers vs Web Developers
Apart from just the difference in skills, there are also some personality differences between web designers and web developers. Web design requires a high level of creativity. The designer needs to think outside the box when coming up with the design of the website. Creativity may also be necessary when blending different palettes of the website.
In the field of web development, it is the skills that count. A developer should have in-depth knowledge of the programming languages that are required. They should also have the skills to ensure that everything on the site is functional.
Key Parameters of Web Design
When it comes to the details of web design, there are several parameters that designers focus on. These are:
As we have already mentioned, aesthetics is the backbone of web design. A design process will be null if it does not focus on the look and feel of the website.
The purpose of the design is to enable the website to create an amazing first impression. Do you know that visitors can choose another site over yours just because of the impression they get when landing on it? Yes, and it only takes the first few seconds to create the desired impact. It is through the website design that you will be able to create the desired impression you’re after.
2. Call to Action
The web design should motivate your visitors to take the necessary action on the site. Whether it is to contact the store, purchase an item, or fill out a contact form, your design should play a role in facilitating these.
How can a web design help to push a customer? One way is by ensuring that all the buttons and other vital components are visible and stand out. The design aspect of website building will take care of issues such as the visibility of the button and positioning on the website.
A website is a representation of your brand. So, the appearance of the website should be in tandem with your brand. It is through web design that you will take care of issues such as business branding.
Web design takes care of issues such as colors, images, and other graphic components. You will choose colors and images that are a perfect representation of your brand. When you begin web development, you will have very little time to go back and take care of your branding needs.
Although this is an element of web development, it is also very important for web design. It is through the design that you will get a glimpse into how visitors will be navigating your website.
Pertinent web navigation issues such as the position of the buttons, the size of the header, the color of the links, and the type of font are all important decisions made during the design stage of the website build.
The website development will only come in to ensure that the proposed navigation components are fully functional.
5. Content typography and readability
No matter how good or elegant your web design is, all will be wasted if the content on it will not reach the intended recipients. This is one of the issues that are addressed by the web designer.
During the web design phase, clear typography is chosen for the website. Issues such as type and size of the fonts are decided. You will also select the right font colors that you think will be visually impressive to the website visitors.
With the web design, you will be in a position to determine whether the site will be mobile-friendly or not. This is because some key aspects of the web design process highlight the issue of the mobile responsiveness of a website.
Web development Parameters
From the web design, let’s look at the key factors that form the basis of web development.
1. Website security
Web developers don’t just focus on building a functional site. It is their responsibility to ensure that the site is highly secure. So, even while implementing the prototype as highlighted by the web design, web development ensures that the wireframe adheres to all the security measures.
The website should be secure from different forms of cyber-attacks. Still, in terms of security, web development determines the people who are allowed to access different web pages and areas of the website.
2. Speed of the website
Through web development, it is possible to control the speed at which the website will load. Most resources that the website will need are allocated during the web development process. It is these resources that have the final impact on the speed of a site.
Also, web development entails choosing the theme and templates of the website. Here you can choose a lightweight theme or go for the heavy theme depending on the desired speed of the site. Here is an article on our picks for the best WordPress themes for 2020.
3. Usability and functionality
Well, this is the core purpose of web development. It ensures that the website becomes fully functional. The web development process addresses all the components on the site by ensuring that they function as required. For instance, the navigation buttons should redirect you to the correct web pages. The forms should submit the correct details when clicked. This includes verifying the authenticity of users and preventing spam messages.
In the web development process, everything that had been proposed on the prototype is put to the test to ensure that everything functions as required.
4. Website maintenance
Even after everything regarding the website seems to be okay, there will always need to be website maintenance implemented. This is an important aspect of web development that ensures your website will always remain in good condition.
Whether you would like to add some improvements, introduce new features, or make any other changes, they should be done through web development.
Hopefully, you now understand the differences between web design vs web development. Despite being very close terms, the two will never be the same, and you will never use them interchangeably.
Whether you are planning to develop a website from scratch or you just want some work done on it, you should now know the difference and call the relevant person to get the job done correctly.
If you would like help with your next website, check out our WordPress web design services. We would love to help and get your website started on the right track!